Compareand contrast the three ways of looking at the natural world  (Myth, Natural philosophy, and Science)
Given: a. The Egyptian and Babylonians   b. The Ionian Greeks    c.  The Romans    d. The Arabs. Which group:
    Wound up passing on virtually all the Greek knowledge to western Europe beginning around the year 1000CE
    Started a new way of looking at the world in a rational manner around 500 BCE
    Invented simple mathematics and geometry, long before the Greeks
    Even though they conquered the Mediterranean world and were excellent engineers and politicians, they contributed little to astronomical
        knowledge in Antiquity

Which of the following people or peoples of antiquity were responsible for the following knowledge/information. Use  the following answers for the questions below (The answers could be used more than once.)
 a. The Egyptians      b. The mainland Greek and hellenistic cultures    c. Aristotle    d.Plato  e. The Ionian Greeks
They devise the first sun calendar of 365 days, define the zodiac, explain the universe with myths
Primarely a moral philosopher, he puts together a 2 sphere model of the universe; believes that the earth is imperfect, and that ideas and ideals are the fundamental reality of the universe
Alexander the Great's tutor, put together treatises on logic and natural knowledge(philosophy) that will re-emerge  1500 years later; puts together a model of the universe that consists of 55 spheres; and believes that models  should actually represent reality
Remove Gods as the reason for heavenly events and are the first to maintain that the universe is a regular and orderly  place that behaves according to its nature
This culture is responsible for "inventing"  natural philosophy
 Which of the following cultures is the only one that formulated explanations that are not mythic?:
 a. the Egyptians     b. the Babylonian     c. the Chinese  d. Renaissance Western Europe  e. they are all mythic

Which statement below applies to the mythic perspective?
     a. The planets and stars are gods which control our lives     b. All objects behave according to  their nature c. the universe behaves
    consistently across space and time    d. The universe is not  the basic reality, it is only the shadow of ideas and ideals
    e. all of these statements are mythic

 a. Aristotle    b. Ptolemy    c. Copernicus   d. Brahe  e. Kepler , who was it that
    Was first in modern times (ca 1550CE) to propose a heliocentric model
    Did not believe in the heliocentric model and made careful observations throughout his career, whose data were  later used by Kepler
    First to correctly describe (not explain) the motion of planets with three laws
    Student of Plato, tutor to Alexander the Great, believed that all motion was either natural or violent
    Lived in Roman times, was the greatest astronomer of antiquity, put together a system of the heavens that  would last for nearly 1500 years
    Stated that planets move around the sun in ellipses with the sun at one of the foci

a. Kepler   b. Galileo   c. Newton    d. Hubble    e. Einstein,  who was it that
    First used the telescope as an astronomical tool and saw the moons of Jupiter, mountains on the moon
    Showed that the universe is composed of a great number of galaxies and we live in one of these
    Showed that there are no absolute frames of reference, and that the only absolute in the universe is  the speed of light
    Invented the reflecting telescope, explained why objects move, and put together the first gravitational  theory
Motion refers to a change in position over time relative to
 a. the earth's surface  b. the sun  c. a specified frame of reference d. the center of the earth    e. the center of the  universe

There are  ___ dimensions associated with SPACE.
 a. 1   b. 2    c. 3     d. 4     e. 5

There are  ___ dimensions associated with TIME.
 a. 1   b. 2    c. 3     d. 4     e. 5

 a. is a constant property of an object under normal conditions  b. varies depending on the amount  of gravitational pull  c. is zero in outer space  d. will vary with the position of an object  e. none of the above

 In order for a mass to move without accelerating (uniform straight line motion):
 a. a constant force must act on it   b. it must have a destination   c. it must move in a circle
 d. it must do constant work  e. it requires no force, it is inertial.

According to Einstein, the velocity of light in a vacuum:
 a. increases as the source moves towards you   b. decreases as the source moves away from you    c. constant regardless of the motion of the source.   d. constant only if the source is moving parallel  to you       e. everything is relative,  so all the above could be true

The force that accelerates a car on a road is exerted by (the):
   a. road on the car on the road   c. air friction   d. gravity on the car    e. inertia

If we take a mass and accelerate it over twice the distance compared to an identical mass
 a. we have done half the work   b. we have done twice the work  c. We have done the same amount  of work   d. the inverse square law came into play        e. they all are correct statements.

What is the strongest force in the universe?
 a. Electromagnetic   b. Gravitational   c. Nuclear     d. Frictional        e. inertial

When twice the force is applied to an object,  the object will accelerate:
 a. four times as much  b. twice as much    c. at the same rate as before   d. half as much  e. none of these

Which of these is the weakest force in the universe?
 a. gravitational  b. centrifugal  c. frictional  d. nuclear e. electromagnetic

Vectors differ from scalars in that they also have:
 a. magnitude   b. direction   c. intensity   d. frequency e. location

In the following questions, tell me which of Newton's laws best applies to the example
Use: a if it's Newton's first law   b. The second law      c. The third law        d. none of them:
    a space probe that keeps moving in space without any rocket engines
    walking, or how the oars on a rowboat work propel a boat forward
    a planet going around the sun

A body at rest will still have:
 a. speed  b. velocity  c. energy  d. kinetic energy    e. none of these.

If one throws a ball at a wall, the ball bounces off. The FORCE that causes the ball to bounce off is:
 a. the action force of the hand that threw the ball   b. the reaction force of the wall on the ball
 c. the action force of the ball on the wall   d. the reaction of the ball and the hand
 e. none of these
When the net force on a mass doubles, its acceleration will:
 a. quadruple  b. double  c. remain the same   d. halve    e. none of these

Work is:
 a. a force applied over a distance     b. an acceleration on a mass    c. inertia    d. a mass moving at  the same speed, in a straight line over a distance    e. it could be any of these

Energy is:
 a. a force applied over a distance     b. an acceleration on a mass    c. inertia    d. a mass moving at  the same speed, in a straight line over a distance    e. how much work an object  could do

A MOVING object has:
 a. mass  b. velocity  c. speed  d. energy  e. all of these

Which of the following must ALWAYS be conserved in any system?
 a. total of all energies  b. kinetic energy  c. heat  d. thermal energy    e. potential energy
If you were coasting on a frictionless sheet of ice, it would be an illustration of Newton's ____ law:
 a. first    b. second   c. third   d. you can't second-guess Newton, he's no longer with us.
 e. all three of his laws

Which of the following energy transformations involves conservation of energy?
 a. changing electrical energy into light energy in a light bulb     b. changing electrical energy into  kinetic energy with an electrical motor.  c. changing nuclear energy into electrical energy in a  nuclear plant      d. all three do          e. none are completely efficient so none do.

As a system becomes more disordered, its entropy :
 a. increases  b. decreases  c. remains the same  d. could be any of the above  e. none of the above